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Barriers Of Education For Children In Poverty

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Millions of youngsters are unable to learn due to poverty, inequality, the poor quality of education available, or hunger. These children drop out of school before gaining the fundamental skills and information required to succeed in society.

The number of students enrolled only tells part of the story. Around 250 million children aged 5 to 12 are unable to read or write, regardless of whether they attend school.

Children’s life is transformed through education, which aids them in overcoming poverty. As a result, overall health will improve and your earning potential will increase. Many youngsters are stuck in a life of poverty and hardship.

Their families have an immediate necessity to put their children to work or keep them at home to help with chores. Perhaps, it outweighs the long-term benefits of sending them to school for many families.

Their families rely on them to earn money, children miss school. They, on the other hand, become locked in a cycle of poverty by foregoing their education.

How does poverty affect education?

Poverty, like a tree, has many roots. However, one element stands out among the many causes of global poverty: education. Not everyone who lacks an education lives in absolute poverty.

The great majority of those living in extreme poverty, on the other hand, lack even a rudimentary education. Those who live in poverty are more likely to raise their kids out of school. Perhaps, their children have a higher risk of living in poverty as well.

Education can provide a family with the employment, money, and skills they require to not only survive but prosper. A universal solution to the poverty cycle is providing access to primary education and supporting child well-being.

1. Barriers to education

Children from low-income families confront numerous obstacles when it comes to obtaining an education. Some are conspicuous, such as not having access to a school.

While others are subtler, for instance, the teacher at the school did not have the necessary training to assist kids in learning efficiently. In this article, we will discuss some basic barriers to education in detail:

  • Lack of funding
  • Lack of teachers or trained teachers
  • No classroom
  • Lack of learning materials
  • Children with disabilities
  • Being the wrong gender

2. Lack of funding

For education, developing countries cannot rely only on their resources; more foreign aid is in demand.

According to the (GPE) Global Partnership for Education, just 20% of education aid flows to low-income nations. In impoverished countries, however, 13 years of schooling costs an average of $1.25 per day per child.

By 2030, there will be a $39 billion shortfall in delivering quality education to all children. GPE recommends that developing countries contribute 20% of their national budget to education, with primary schools receiving 45 percent of it.

3. Lack of teachers or trained teachers

The most important predictor of student learning has been discovered to be teacher effectiveness. GPE is committed to addressing the current worldwide teacher shortage.

To provide universal primary or secondary education, there are insufficient teachers. Many of the teachers that are now employed are inexperienced. As a result, children are not getting the education they deserve.

There are 130 million school-aged children who are not mastering basic skills such as reading, writing, and math.

4. No classroom

Without the proper atmosphere, a youngster will not be able to learn. In many nations in Sub-Saharan Africa, children sit in overcrowded classrooms, crumbling classrooms, or learning outside.

They also lack the necessary books, stationery items, and other resources to succeed. When girls do not have access to safe restrooms, they are frequently harassed or assaulted while looking for a private location.

5. Lack of learning materials

In many parts of the world, outdated and worn-out textbooks are frequently shared by six or more pupils. Only 3.5 percent of all sixth-grade students in Tanzania, for example, use a reading book exclusively.

There are 11 primary school children for each second-grade reading textbook and 13 for each second-grade mathematics textbook in Cameroon. Worksheets, papers, and other essential materials for students to study their lessons are scarce.

Teachers also require materials to assist them in planning their classes, sharing them with their pupils, and guiding them.

6. Children with disabilities

Despite the notion that education is a basic human right, the world’s 93 to 150 million disabled children are prohibited from access to school. Up to 95% of children with disabilities are out of school in some of the world’s poorest countries.

Students with impairments have lower attendance rates and are more likely to be absent or drop out before finishing elementary school. They expel at a rate nearly twice as high as their non-special education classmates.

This group is particularly vulnerable to denial of their right to education. Mainly due to prejudice, a lack of inclusive teaching methods training among teachers, and a shortage of accessible schools.

7. Being the wrong gender

One of the most common reasons why children are denied an education is because of gender. Over 130 million adolescent women are not currently enrolled in school around the world.

In the developing world, one in every three females marries before the age of 18. While keeping girls in school benefits them and their families, many families are compelled to choose which of their daughters to send to school owing to poverty.

Girls frequently miss out because it is assumed that educating a girl is less valuable than educating a guy. Rather, they are sent to work or forced to stay at home to care for siblings and help with domestic chores.


To conclude, we should support parents and children to improve the educational and economic growth and conditions. It is the most effective method for ending the poverty cycle in families.

Low-income parents, on the other hand, will be able to compete for greater pay if they have access to pursue higher education.

There are numerous charity organization for education that cater to underprivileged children and require necessities of life. By increasing awareness about poverty in children, we can also help to eliminate extreme poverty!


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