In-vitro fertilisation, or IVF, has been a boon to infertile couples who want to start a family. IVF is a procedure in which an egg from a female body is combined with sperm from her partner outside of their bodies. The outcome of an IVF procedure varies from couple to couple and clinic to clinic.
How does IVF work?
Doctors in infertility hospitals in Kerala may recommend a variety of fertility treatments before resorting to IVF. However, for women with severe fallopian tube blockages, ovulation disorders, poor egg quality, diminished ovarian reserve, or endometriosis, IVF may be the best option for conceiving a child.
The same is true for men with severe sperm deficiencies, some same-sex couples, couples using donor eggs, and those who may need to screen embryos if there are concerns about genetic problems.
What is the success rate of IVF?
The likelihood that an in vitro fertilisation cycle will result in a pregnancy is determined by a number of factors, including:
The patient’s age is important in determining the success rate of IVF. The older the woman, the lower her chances of IVF success. The age of the egg is an important factor in this. With age, both the quantity and quality of eggs decrease. An experienced doctor decides on the ovarian stimulation protocol, the number of embryos to be transferred, and so on.
If you and your current partner have previously had a successful pregnancy, you have a better chance of having a successful pregnancy with IVF. Miscarriages or other fertility issues with a new partner can complicate IVF. However, you should not dismiss it entirely.
Type of fertility problem.
Some medical conditions have very high success rates, while others do not. For example, cases of tubal blockage have higher success rates in IVF when compared to recurrent miscarriage or thin endometrium. In women, uterine abnormalities, DES (a synthetic oestrogen), fibroids, and the long-term effects of latent tuberculosis all have a negative impact on IVF success rates.
Egg and Embryo Quality
The quality of eggs and embryos is affected by factors such as age, ovarian reserve, stimulation protocol, and sperm quality. The higher the quality of the eggs and embryos, the more likely IVF treatment will be successful.
About 90% of chromosomal embryo problems are caused by poor egg quality. However, male fertility factors continue to have an impact on embryos. If the male partner has fertility issues, new technology is helping to mitigate the negative effects and increase the likelihood of a successful pregnancy.
Using donor eggs can increase the chances of success for patients whose egg quality may be compromised due to age or other factors.
Transferring more developed embryos is associated with higher pregnancy rates than transferring less developed embryos (day two or three). Not all embryos, however, survive the development process. Discuss your specific situation with your doctor or other health care provider.
Ovarian dysfunction is another important factor in determining the success rate of IVF. Patients with high levels of FSH and low levels of AMH, where the hormone required for stimulation is high, have a low success rate.
Dual Infertility Factors
When both husband and wife have an infertility factor, their success rate of IVF cycle is extremely low. Such cases also reduce the likelihood of success.
Women who smoke have fewer eggs retrieved during IVF and are more likely to miscarry. Smoking can reduce a woman’s chances of success with IVF by 50%. Obesity can reduce your chances of becoming pregnant and having a child. Alcohol, recreational drugs, excessive caffeine, and certain medications can all be hazardous.
The above-mentioned factors determine what is the success rate of IVF treatment? The success rate of IVF in India ranges from 30% to 35%. In young women, the global average IVF success rate is around 40%. Women under the age of 35 have a higher chance of success. The success rate of this most widely used assisted reproductive technology (ART) is typically measured in terms of live births per embryo transfer. The live birth rate is the number of live births per embryo transfer.
Nowadays, Most IVF centre in Trivandrum use a “freeze all” technique, in which embryos generated after ICSI or conventional IVF are frozen rather than eggs. IVF success rates in India have increased significantly as a result of the use of new reproductive techniques.
Infertility is a highly personal matter. Relationship dynamics, family support, financial status, lifestyle, and mental health all influence the decision to use IVF. While statistical odds can be considered, you are not a statistic. Outcomes can be unpredictable. Finally, your decisions should be driven by internal motivation.